[ HISTORY ] [ 2. ETHOS ] [ C. GARDEN SUBURBS ]
 


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During this period emerged the liberal philosophy of social reform from the theories of Mill and others. Robert Owen in his experiment at New Lanark revealed that by taking over an enterprise staffed largely by thieves and drunkards and improving the working and living conditions of the workers he not only acquired a healthy, temperate and more industrious workforce but also increased the profits of the mill owners - showing it paid to be a good employer. The question was also addressed by Victorian inventiveness. Modern plumbing was essentially a Victorian invention. Improved building methods and the availability of cheaper building materials coming from transport improvements assisted those who fought for better housing conditions for the urban poor. The Garden Suburb Movement, another development for the improvement of cities strove to provide better housing but for this to be provided in aesthetically pleasing styles in leafy, sylvan surroundings.


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